Hosting Encyclopedia

Domain Terms

.CA

The .CA ccTLD is one of the first Top Level Domains established in the first years of the Internet. More than 1,9 million .CA domain names have been registered since 1987 when it was initially introduced. Its intended use is for entities based in Canada and Canadian...

.DE

.DE is one of these Country Code Top Level Domains that have a recommended usage and specific purpose, and its registration currently falls under some restrictions. The abbreviation of the ccTLD comes from the German name for Germany “Deutschland”, because it was...

.EU

The .EU domain is introduced in 2005 especially for registrants located in the European Union. It’s a country-code Top-Level Domain sponsored by the European Commission with the intention to provide the European Union with its own identity online and to offer greater...

.US

.US is one of these generic Top Level Domains that have a recommended usage and specific purpose, but its registration is not currently restricted for anyone. The abbreviation of the ccTLD indicates the “USA”, because it was initially intended for use from entities...

.CO.UK

.UK is the Country-Code Top Level Domain representative for the United Kingdom, intended for companies and individuals associated with it. Some Country-Code Top Level Domains cannot be registered without additional Second Level Domain that divides them into smaller...

.ORG.UK

.ORG.UK domain name – is a general use (usually for non-profit organizations) second-level domain. Some Country-Code Top Level Domains aren’t available for registration without added Second-Level Domains that separate them into several categories. In the case of the...

.MOBI

The .MOBI top-level domain is one of the many generic TLDs to choose from when selecting a domain for a website. MOBI is one of the common TLDs that you can register with no restrictions. You can also use a .MOBI domain name as an alternative if your site’s name is...

.ASIA

In contrast to the .COM, INFO or .NET Top Level Domains, which are unsponsored domains everyone can register, .ASIA is a TLD funded by the DotAsia Organization, which is also the registry for the .ASIA domains. The mission of the DotAsia is to sponsor and manage...

.BIZ

.BIZ is one of these generic Top Level Domains that have a recommended usage and specific purpose, but its registration is not currently restricted for anyone. The abbreviation of the gTLD comes from “business”, because it was initially introduced as an...

.INFO

The .INFO top level domain is a commonly used generic Top-Level Domain which you are able to choose from when you register your website online. INFO is an unsponsored TLD that can be used freely from everybody for any purpose, similar to the com, net or org domains....

Hosting Terms

SFTP

FTP is an old protocol that isn’t designed for secure data transfer and is very vulnerable to attacks. For that reason, other, “safe” versions of the protocol are eventually created, along with new protocols. One of them is the SFTP (SSH File Transfer...

HTTP

In order to access any website or embed a valid link you always have to write http:// in front of the website’s address. Browsers and applications generate this part automatically to simplify the process, but it’s still absolutely necessary. HTTP(HyperText Transfer...

DHCP

DHCP or Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol is a protocol that determines and assigns IP addresses for devices on a network. A DHCP server can recognize a device and assign it an IP address automatically. This makes administration easier because the network...

URL

URL which is an abbreviation for Uniform Resource Locator is used to navigate to any file, page, graphic, document or a program that’s accessible on the World Wide Web. The URL itself consist of a formatted string of text which points the software to the desired...

IP Address

The IP address enables us to connect all our devices in a network. You cannot send or receive messages from another device if you don’t know its IP. Every computer or other device connected to a network and using the Internet Protocol is given a unique number...

IPv6

IPv6 is the last version of the IP protocol, developed to replace the IPv4, which is running out of free IP addresses. That is because the IPv4 uses only 32 bits for Internet addresses, so it can support just 2^32 addresses, while the IPv6 uses 128 bits for its IP...

IPv4

IPv4 is a version of the IP(Internet Protocol) that is fundamental for the operation of the Internet. It is the primal Internet protocol responsible for transmitting data packages and locating hosts. There are two IP versions that are used today: IPv4 and IPv6. IPv4...

Domain Name System (DNS)

What exactly happens when you enter a domain name in your web browser, how does the browser locate the website you need? There are millions of domain names on the Internet and though they are intelligible and easy to remember for us, they are not that well suited for...

phpPgAdmin

phpPgAdmin to PostgreSQL is the same as PhpMyAdmin is to MySQL, it is the web-based application that provides access to your website’s databases and enables their easy management. If you use PostgreSQL databases, phpPgAdmin is the management tool you must utilize....

PostgreSQL

The PostgreSQL database is based on the object-relational database model unlike MySQL, which is a relational database system. PostgreSQL is somewhere between the relational and the object-oriented database systems. Object-relational databases like Postgres might...

Web Terms

Firewall

The Firewall is one of the basic and most effective technologies that protect your personal computer or network of computers from malware and hacking attacks. The Firewall software is used to control the traffic between networks. It is often implemented to protect a...

API

Confused by what is API’s definition? It stands for Application Programming Interface. It’s a protocol that is used when there needs to be a data exchange between some kind of software components. In more simple terms, one API definition is a mechanism for software or...

Extranet

The extranet is a private network that uses Internet protocols and computers connected to a network. In terms of business you can extranet’s main advantages are that it can improve the company’s productivity through automation of processes which have been done...

ASCII

ASCII is an acronym for American Standard Code for Information Interchange. ASCII is a 7-bit character code where each separate bit represents a unique character. Computers can only understand digits, so this is where the ASCII character table comes in. It contains...

LAN Ethernet Network

The term Ethernet is a protocol regarded to all types of LAN devices in the IEEE 802.03 standard. There are 3 kinds of network channels for the Ethernet network protocol: 10Mbps or 10base-T Ethernet; 100Mbps – Fast Ethernet; 1000Mbps – Gigabit Ethernet. Among all...

iSCSI

iSCSI is short for Internet SCSI or Internet Small Computer System Interface. It is an Internet Protocol standard for data storage via a network. The technology allows SCSI commands to be transferred over IP networks at long distances for storage management purposes....

DHCP Server

DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. This protocol is used by any kind of device (computer, router) which needs to obtain IP Address remotely in order to connect to the Internet. These IP addresses are acquired by the DHCP client from the DHCP server...

Error 404

When you visit a website and try to open a page, which doesn’t exist or a page with a broken link, the server usually sends the 404 error message “Not Found”. This server response tells browsers and search engines that the page is not available. For that reason when...

Cookies

A cookie is a small file that is stored on a user’s PC when using a web browser. It is also commonly known as an HTTP cookie. These files store a small amount of data that identifies the user when visiting websites multiple times. Usually, the data consists of records...

VPN

A VPN or a Virtual Private Network provides a way to connect two PC’s on two different networks simulating their being both on the same local network. Hence the “virtual” part of the name. This allows secure remote access to a local network’s resources using a public...

Scripting Languages

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